Connectionism Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Connectionism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

May 18, 1997 . 11. Deep Learning: Connectionism's New Wave. Whereas connectionism's ambitions seemed to mature and temper towards the end of its Golden Age from 1980-1995, neural network research has recently returned to the spotlight after a combination of technical achievements made it practical to train networks with many layers of nodes between input and ....

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Behaviorism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

May 26, 2000 . 1. What is Behaviorism? One has to be careful with "ism" words. They often have both loose and strict meanings. And sometimes multiple meanings of each type..

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The Computational Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 16, 2015 . In the 1980s, connectionism emerged as a prominent rival to classical computationalism. Connectionists draw inspiration from neurophysiology rather than logic and computer science. ... [This is the previous entry on the Computational Theory of Mind in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -- see the version history.] Marcin Milkowski, ....

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The Language of Thought Hypothesis (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

May 28, 2019 . The language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) proposes that thinking occurs in a mental language. Often called Mentalese, the mental language resembles spoken language in several key respects: it contains words that can combine into sentences; the words and sentences are meaningful; and each sentence's meaning depends in a systematic way upon the ....

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Embodied Cognition (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

1.2 Connectionism. Connectionist systems offer a means of computation that, in many cases, eschews the symbolist commitments of computational cognitive science. ... [This was the previous entry on Embodied Cognition in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -- see the version history.] The Language of Thought Hypothesis ....

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Innateness and Language (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jan 16, 2008 . The philosophical debate over innate ideas and their role in the acquisition of knowledge has a venerable history. It is thus surprising that very little attention was paid until early last century to the questions of how linguistic knowledge is acquired and what role, if any, innate ideas might play in that process.. To be sure, many theorists have recognized the crucial part ....

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Associationist Theories of Thought (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 17, 2015 . In particular, associationism can be used as a theory of learning (e.g., as in behaviorist theorizing), a theory of thinking (as in Jamesian "streams of thought"), a theory of mental structures (e.g., as in concept pairs), and a theory of the implementation of thought (e.g., as in connectionism)..

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The Chinese Room Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 19, 2004 . Copeland denies that connectionism implies that a room of people can simulate the brain. John Haugeland writes (2002) that Searle's response to the Systems Reply is flawed: "...what he now asks is what it would be like if he, in his own mind, were consciously to implement the underlying formal structures and operations that the theory says ....

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Belief (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 14, 2006 . Sellars, Wilfrid, 1956, "Empiricism and the philosophy of mind", Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 1: 253-329. ---, 1969, "Language as thought and as communication", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 29: 506-527..

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Process Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 15, 2012 . 1. Historical contributions. The history of process philosophy extends far into antiquity, both in Eastern and Western thought. In the Western tradition it is the Greek theoretician Heraclitus of Ephesus (born ca. 560 B.C.E.) who is commonly recognized as the founder of the process approach..

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Mental Representation (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 30, 2000 . The notion of a "mental representation" is, arguably, in the first instance a theoretical construct of cognitive science. As such, it is a basic concept of the Computational Theory of Mind, according to which cognitive states and processes are constituted by the occurrence, transformation and storage (in the mind/brain) of information-bearing structures ....

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Mind - Wikipedia.

Philosophy of mind is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body. The mind-body problem, i.e. the relationship of the mind to the body, is commonly seen as the central issue in philosophy of mind, although there are other issues concerning the nature ....

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Connectionism - Wikipedia.

Connectionism refers to both an approach in the field of cognitive science that hopes to explain mental phenomena using artificial neural networks (ANN). and to a wide range of techniques and algorithms using ANNs in the context of artificial intelligence to build more intelligent machines. Connectionism presents a cognitive theory based on simultaneously occurring, distributed ....

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Table of Contents (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

D [jump to top]. Damian, Peter (Toivo J. Holopainen) ; dance, philosophy of (Aili Bresnahan) ; Dante Alighieri (Winthrop Wetherbee and Jason Aleksander) ; Daoism (Chad Hansen) . Laozi -- see Laozi; Neo-Daoism -- see Neo-Daoism; religious (Fabrizio Pregadio) ; Zhuang Zi -- see Zhuangzi; Darwin, Charles from Origin of Species to Descent of Man -- see evolution: from ....

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David Hume (/ h ju: m /; born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) - 25 August 1776) was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, librarian and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system ....

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Dualism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 19, 2003 . This entry concerns dualism in the philosophy of mind. The term 'dualism' has a variety of uses in the history of thought. In general, the idea is that, for some particular domain, there are two fundamental kinds or categories of things or principles..

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Thomas Hobbes - Wikipedia.

Thomas Hobbes (/ h ? b z / HOBZ; 5/15 April 1588 - 4/14 December 1679) was an English philosopher, considered to be one of the founders of modern political philosophy. Hobbes is best known for his 1651 book Leviathan, in which he expounds an influential formulation of social contract theory. In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes contributed to a diverse array of ....

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History of artificial intelligence - Wikipedia.

Precursors Mythical, fictional, and speculative precursors Myth and legend. In Greek Mythology, Talos was a giant constructed of bronze who acted as guardian for the island of Crete. He would throw boulders at the ships of invaders, and would complete 3 circuits around the island's perimeter daily. According to pseudo-Apollodorus' Bibliotheke, Hephaestus forged Talos with ....

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A Natural History of Rape - Wikipedia.

A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion is a 2000 book by the biologist Randy Thornhill and the anthropologist Craig T. Palmer, in which the authors argue that evolutionary psychology can account for rape among human beings, maintain that rape is either a behavioral adaptation or a byproduct of adaptive traits such as sexual desire and ....

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Embodied cognition - Wikipedia.

Embodied cognition is the theory that many features of cognition, whether human or otherwise, are shaped by aspects of an organism's entire body.Sensory and motor systems are seen as fundamentally integrated with cognitive processing. The cognitive features include high-level mental constructs (such as concepts and categories) and performance on various cognitive ....

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Emergence - Wikipedia.

In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when an entity is observed to have properties its parts do not have on their own, properties or behaviors which emerge only when the parts interact in a wider whole.. Emergence plays a central role in theories of integrative levels and of complex systems.For instance, the phenomenon of life as studied in biology is an ....

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Social constructionism - Wikipedia.

Social constructionism is a theory in sociology, social ontology, and communication theory which proposes that certain ideas about physical reality arise from collaborative consensus, instead of pure observation of said reality. The theory centers on the notion that meanings are developed in coordination with others rather than separately by each individual..

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Susan Schneider - Wikipedia.

Susan Schneider is an American academic and public philosopher.She is the founding director of the Center for the Future Mind at Florida Atlantic University where she also holds the William F. Dietrich Distinguished Professorship. Schneider has also held the Baruch S. Blumberg NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology, Exploration, and Scientific Innovation at ....

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Sociobiology - Wikipedia.

Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.It draws from disciplines including psychology, ethology, anthropology, evolution, zoology, archaeology, and population genetics.Within the study of human societies, sociobiology is closely allied to evolutionary anthropology, human behavioral ecology, evolutionary ....

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Alan Turing (1912 - 1954) - MacTutor History of Mathematics.

Jun 07, 2011 . He was now much more able to explore his own ideas and he read Russell's Introduction to mathematical philosophy in 1933. ... On Alan Turing's anticipation of connectionism, Synthese 108 (3) (1996), ... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (The Church-Turing thesis) Plus magazine; Mathematical Genealogy Project;.

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